The opposite of discounting is compounding.
Built-in Functions Introduction and Simple Examples A function is similar to a subroutine Gosub except that it can accept parameters inputs from its caller. In addition, a function may optionally return a value to its caller.
Consider the following simple function that accepts two numbers and returns their sum: To call the function, assign its result to a variable with the: Also, a function may be called without storing its return value: Add 2, 3 But in this case, any value returned by the function is discarded; so unless the function produces some effect other than its return value, the call would serve no purpose.
Since a function call is an expressionany variable names in its parameter list should not be enclosed in percent signs.
By contrast, literal strings should be enclosed in double quotes. Finally, functions may be called in the parameters of any command except OutputVar and InputVar parameters such as those of StringLen.
Parameters When a function is defined, its parameters are listed in parentheses next to its name there must be no spaces between its name and the open-parenthesis.
If a function does not accept any parameters, leave the parentheses empty; for example: From the function's point of view, parameters are essentially the same as local variables unless they are defined as ByRef as in this example: In other words, the parameter and the caller's variable both refer to the same contents in memory.
This allows the Swap function to alter the caller's variables by moving Left's contents into Right and vice versa. By contrast, if ByRef were not used in the example above, Left and Right would be copies of the caller's variables and thus the Swap function would have no external effect.
Since return can send back only one value to a function's caller, ByRef can be used to send back extra results. This is achieved by having the caller pass in a variable usually empty in which the function stores a value.
When passing large strings to a function, ByRef enhances performance and conserves memory by avoiding the need to make a copy of the string. Similarly, using ByRef to send a long string back to the caller usually performs better than something like Return HugeString.
If something other than a modifiable variable is passed to a ByRef parameter, the function behaves as though the keyword "ByRef" is absent. The IsByRef function can be used to determine whether the caller supplied a variable for a given ByRef parameter.
Fields of objects are not considered variables for the purposes of ByRef. For example, if foo. It is not possible to pass Clipboardbuilt-in variablesor environment variables to a function's ByRef parameter, even when NoEnv is absent from the script.
Although a function may call itself recursively, if it passes one of its own local variables or non-ByRef parameters to itself ByRef, the new layer's ByRef parameter will refer to its own local variable of that name rather than the previous layer's.
However, this issue does not occur when a function passes to itself a global variablestatic variableor ByRef parameter.Mr. Valencia Alg2 H Objective: Write and graph piecewise-defined, step, and absolute value functions Do now: The table shows the winning times for an annual dirt bike race for the period – Write the equation for the line of regression.
Then use the function to predict the winning time in 5.
Functions. After the rules of syntax and semantics, the three most basic components of all Lisp programs are functions, variables and macros. Learn how to solve absolute value equations and how to graph absolute value functions. Learn for free about math, art, computer programming, economics, physics, chemistry, biology, medicine, finance, history, and more.
In finance, the net present value (NPV) or net present worth (NPW) of an expected income stream is a calculation of its net value at the present moment, relative to its prospective value in the future. NPV is calculated by subtracting the present values (PV) of cash outflows (including initial cost) from the present values of cash inflows over a period of time.
style in technical writing. use of units with numbers. All numerical values that have dimensions must have their units specified. In general, the units must follow the numerical value every time.
However, in a table of numbers, the units may be specified at the top of . Once your statistical analyses are complete, you will need to summarize the data and results for presentation to your readers.