Select network Social security is a critically important issue in the United States. Social security is the single largest form of social welfare in the country, and every taxpayer contributes to it in some form or another. Research paper on social security Social Security, as it is known to contemporary Americans, was developed in the context of broad social and economic programming.
A primary reason for this failure is found in the concept of authority that state-building projects and much of the academic work that underpins it.
Since the late s, internationally supported efforts to make and consolidate peace in Sierra Leone have been synonymous with SSR. Support was given by the United Kingdom UK in particular to contain and ultimately overhaul the armed forces, which staged two coups in and Support was also provided to the central government to institute national security coordination and intelligence organizations, and to reestablish the Sierra Leone Police SLP.
The collapsed, but internationally recognized state was to be rebuilt, and security was seen as not only a prerequisite for this process to begin, but its very foundation.
The first question of the thesis revolves around why the western universalist state concept came to guide SSR in Sierra Leone, and why it was considered of such fundamental importance to stability internationally.
The second question revolves around how to conceptualize authority when actors such as paramount and lesser chiefs that may neither be categorized as state nor non-state are the primary makers of order in rural areas of the country.
Speaking of the weakness or failure of a state is a way of describing what it is not, namely a centrally governed set of institutions that is able to make order within the territorial space that defines it.
A focus on the state as an analytical concept does not, however, tell us much about how order is then made, and by whom it is made in Sierra Leone. The first failure was embedded in misrecognizing the resilience and productivity of local actors and institutions, and their authority to appropriate, interpret, translate and above all shape the elements of what was offered through SSR.
The second failure came in not recognizing the hybrid nature of all actors in the justice and security field, based on the fact that they draw authority to act within the field from numerous sources across physical and symbolic space, in local and national domains.
Hybridity is integral to state formation in Sierra Leone. It is foundational, and is historically grounded in the colonial era, articulating an infinite mixture of various forms of authority from state legislation to status of autochthony and secret society membership.
Inevitably, this order was reproduced by SSR, even if the aim of the international actors who supported this process of change had been to eradicate it.The thesis contributes to existing scholarship by unpacking the different meanings of development and security embedded in Security Sector Reform policies and reveals the need to contextualise the significance of their interlinkages within each policy scenario.
The thesis contributes to existing scholarship by unpacking the different meanings of development and security embedded in Security Sector Reform policies and reveals the need to contextualise the significance of their interlinkages within each policy scenario.
It then examines the development and objectives of the security sector reform agenda and the challenges facing its practitioners. Additionally, this thesis analyses the impact of the International Tribunal for the Former.
JSOU Report Security Force Assistance and Security Sector Reform Shultz Security Force Assistance and Security Sector Reform Richard H.
Shultz, Jr. JSOU and NDIA SO/LIC Division Essays, July Confronting the Terrorism of Boko Haram in Nigeria, Security Force Assistance and Security Sector Reform. THE DEVELOPMENT-SECURITY NEXUS AND SECURITY SECTOR REFORM MICHELA TELATIN A thesis submitted in partial fulfilment of the requirements of the University of Westminster.
i DECLARATION I, Garmondeh Mokoboy Yebleh, author of this thesis, “Post-Civil War Security Sector Reform in Liberia: Prospects and Challenges”, hereby declare that this thesis is my own work, and all.