The revolutionary american elections of 1800 and 1828

Visit Website Departing from the monarchical tradition of Britain, the founding fathers of the United States created a system in which the American people had the power and responsibility to select their leader. Under this new order, George Washington, the first U.

The revolutionary american elections of 1800 and 1828

But these early American leaders soon began to invent a new and essential role for political parties in a democracy. When the Constitution was written inthe founders thought of political parties as "factions," acting only for their own selfish interests rather than the public good.

The founders saw instances in history when factions resorted to assassination and civil war if they failed to get their way. The writers of the Constitution believed that political parties would play no formal role in the new government. The Constitution made no mention of them.

Even in electing the president, the founders assumed the absence of political parties. The Constitution established an Electoral College, which called for a small number of electors—elected or appointed in the states— to meet, deliberate, and choose the best person for president.

The runner-up automatically would become the vice president.

Why was Jackson's election of termed as a "Revolution?" | eNotes Colonists condemned the tax because their rights as Englishmen protected them from being taxed by a Parliament in which they had no elected representatives. The seizure of the sloop Liberty in on suspicions of smuggling triggered a riot.

John Adams, who won the second highest number of electoral votes for president, became vice president. Both Washington and Adams had supported the ratification of the Constitution, as had almost all other prominent leaders such as Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson.

When Washington appointed his Cabinet, he included Hamilton as secretary of the treasury and Jefferson as secretary of state.

BRIA 24 2 a How Political Parties Began - Constitutional Rights Foundation

These two Cabinet members disagreed on many issues. Hamilton strongly believed that for the new nation to succeed, it had to gain the confidence of potential investors—both American and foreign. The new nation needed them, Hamilton argued, to invest in private enterprises and make loans to the government for projects like roads, harbors, and canals.

To gain the confidence of investors, Hamilton promoted a plan, supported by Washington, for the federal government to pay off all Revolutionary War debt incurred by the federal government and the states.

Hamilton proposed a bold economic plan to raise revenue to retire these debts. He asked Congress to approve excise taxes on products like whiskey made in the United States. He also proposed creating a Bank of the United States to centralize federal government finances. They complained that greedy speculators had bought up at deep discounts most of the war bonds that patriotic Americans had originally purchased to fund the Revolutionary War.

They argued that the speculators would make tremendous profits if they received face value for the bonds, as Hamilton proposed.

Jefferson and Madison also objected to the excise taxes because these taxes mainly burdened small farmers and city workers. Hamilton replied that wealthy Americans already carried a heavy tax burden and that it was time for the common people to pay their share.

Jefferson and Madison also opposed a national bank that, they said, would give too much power to the federal government.

The revolutionary american elections of 1800 and 1828

As differences emerged between supporters of Hamilton and Jefferson, many began referring to Hamilton and his allies in the Cabinet and Congress as the Federalist Party.

Jefferson claimed Federalist policies mainly benefitted the "opulent" classes while he and his supporters represented "the mass of the people. Washington sent John Jay to Britain in to negotiate an end to its interference with American merchant ships and prevent another war with it.

Hamilton was satisfied with the Jay Treaty and pushed for Senate ratification. Jefferson and his followers condemned the treaty as too favorable to the British. The French had helped the Americans win the Revolutionary War.


The republic confiscated the land of the aristocrats and hunted them down. Ina "reign of terror" led to the execution of thousands of people condemned as disloyal to the republic.

This new republic horrified the Federalists, who feared mob rule, lawlessness, and the confiscation of property. American sentiment increased for revolutionary France when it declared war against Britain in The election of between John Adams and Thomas Jefferson was an emotional and hard-fought campaign.

Each side believed that victory by the other would ruin the nation. Each side believed that victory by the other would ruin the nation. The election of is such a major turning point in American history because it was the first time that one group of people gave up power to another group of people and it was done without.

Elections of and essaysGeorge Washington, the New Nation's first president, wanted unification in his country. Unfortunately, as we have seen, it does not turn out to be the way he wants.

Ask a Question

There were many causes for this separation but two elections, the Election of and the Elect. The Andrew Jackson site has been retired from To find similar history and technology content on, explore our American Experience site. Or, try our keyword search or browse the.

Watch video · African-American voters, historically Republican, switched to fdr in record numbers. In a referendum on the emerging welfare state, the Democratic party won in a . Find out more about the history of Presidential Elections, including videos, interesting articles, pictures, historical features and more.

Get all the facts on

Andrew Jackson | PBS Programs | PBS