A lot of these factors were rooted in the deep history of the old powers of Europe including Russia, Germany, France, Italy, Austria, Hungary, and Britain. The real causes of World War I included politics, secret alliances, imperialism, and nationalistic pride. However, there was one single event, the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austriawhich started a chain of events leading to war. Alliances and Politics In the years leading up to the war, the nations of Europe were constantly jockeying for power and making alliances.
While one camp, joining Great Britain, France and Russia Triple Entente strove to preserve the fragile balance between the European great powers, the second camp that formed around German Empire, Austria-Hungary and Italy Central Powers was challenging it. Discussed below are specific events that led to one of the most devastating military conflicts in history.
Franco-Prussian War The war between France and Prussia the future German Empire that lasted from to ended with a humiliating defeat for France. It lost the regions of Alsace and Lorraine, and was forced to pay a huge indemnity to Prussia. The Franco-Prussian War led to creation of a powerful German Empire with a military and industrial potential to further disrupt the European balance of power on the one hand and widespread resentment and desire for revenge among the French revanchism on the other.
He also refused to renew the Reinsurance Treaty with Russia that maintained the fragile peace between Russia and Austria-Hungary as well as kept France isolated. That way Wilhelm II helped create an alliance between France and Russia formed in that became the basis for the future Triple Entente.
The outcome of the war against the Japanese was a major blow for the Russians who lost almost entire Baltic and Pacific fleet. The defeat also provoked a serious political crisis that led to the Russian Revolution of But the Russo-Japanese War also made an end to the Russian ambitions in the Far East and as a result, the Tsarist government focused its attention to Europe, in the first place to the Balkans.
This intensified the old rivalry with Austria-Hungary that also had a great interest in the Balkans. Entente Cordiale German militarism and especially the buildup of naval power convinced Great Britain that Germany may soon establish itself as a dominant power on the Continent.
In order to create a counterweight to the German Empire, the British decided to enter into an alliance with France that came to be known as Entente Cordiale. InBritain also entered into an alliance with Russia that was already in alliance with France. Both crises were provoked by the Germans with an aim to cause tensions between France and Britain that just concluded an alliance.
The result, however, was right the opposite. The annexation of the provinces that were occupied by the Dual Monarchy since was bitterly opposed by Serbia that was closely related to the provinces both ethically and geographically.
Serbia was supported by the Tsarist government and the crisis persisted into Russia failed to win as firm support from France or Britain as Vienna enjoyed from Germany and accepted the annexation of the provinces.
Serbia was forced to back down and the crisis ended. But it permanently damaged the relationship between Russia and Serbia on the one hand and Austria-Hungary on the other.
The annexation of Bosnia and Herzegovina caused embitteredness in Serbia, while the way it was carried out humiliated the Russian government that could not afford a similar humiliation during the July Crisis. But the Turkish defeat revealed the weakness of the Ottoman army and disagreement between the European powers about the so-called Eastern Questions - the fate of the decaying Ottoman Empire.
The war between the Kingdom of Italy and the Ottoman Empire was also a strong incentive for the Balkan League which would capture the Balkan peninsula from the Turks independently from the great powers. Within a few months, the Balkan allies stripped the Ottoman Empire of its possessions in the Balkans and divided the conquered territory among themselves.
In June, Bulgaria turned against its allies of Serbia and Greece due to a dispute over partition of Macedonia.The causes of World War I remain controversial.
The chain of events. June 28, The main significance for the First World War was that this war made it clear that no Great Power appeared to wish to support the Ottoman Empire any longer and this paved the way for the Balkan Wars.
The real causes of World War I included politics, secret alliances, imperialism, and nationalistic pride. However, there was one single event, the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria, which started a chain of events leading to war. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo on 28th June , it triggered a chain of events that resulted in World War 1.
After the assassination, Austria-Hungary threatened war on Serbia. World War 1 Quizlet. STUDY. PLAY. Name at least three diseases caused by life in the trenches.
Trench Foot, Shell Shock, Body Lice. Where was the French military stronghold that Germany tried unsuccessfully to capture? The Battle of Verdon.
Name the two . events leading to WWI. STUDY. PLAY.
first event leading to US's enter into WWI. Sinking of the Lusitania May 7, American gov said stop unrestricted warfare world war 2.
World War II Review Sheet. 14 terms. The United states enters WWI. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR. 13 terms. Aug 24, · Watch video · The killings sparked a chain of events that led to the outbreak of World War I by early The instability created in Europe by the .