We were standing at the baggage claim airport exit on a passenger pickup lane that was partially blocked with construction cones making it difficult for passengers to connect with their riders. A woman was parked in the first row blocking the lane for all the pickup cars behind her.
Erik Erikson's Theory of Development: A Teacher's Observations Suchitra Ramkumar Erik Erikson was a psychologist who did most of his work in the post-Freudian era, in the s to the s. He was a student of Freud, and was greatly influenced by the latter's theories of personality development.
However, unlike his predecessor, Erikson gave a great deal of importance to the social environment in a person's psychological development.
Thus his theory is generally called a psychosocial theory of personality development. Erikson's theory posits that every human being passes through several distinct and qualitatively different stages in life, frombirth to death. According Responsibilities and boundaries of a teacher him, the stages are universal, and the ages at which one is said to have passed from one to another stage are also fairly universal.
However, it must be kept in mind that Erikson did not have much knowledge of cultures and societies other than his own, and thus the universality of his theory can and must be questioned.
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The key idea in Erikson's theory is that the individual faces a conflict at each stage, which may or may not be successfully resolved within that stage. For example, he called the first stage 'Trust vs Mistrust'. If the quality of care is good in infancy, the child learns to trust the world to meet her needs.
If not, trust remains an unresolved issue throughout succeeding stages of development. According to Erikson, although there is a predominant issue at each stage, the stages are not watertight. Issues of one stage overlap with issues of another; how one has dealt with earlier issues determines how one will resolve later issues.
Most important, there is a connection between present patterns of thinking and feeling, and earlier unresolved or resolved developmental issues. But Erikson also said that developmental blocks at any stage can be resolved at any point. I shall now present a brief sketch of those parts of Erikson's theory of developmental stages that are relevant to schooling, and what each of these means for me as a teacher.
Trust vs Mistrust Trust comes from the consistent meeting of needs. An infant who can trust the mother or father to meet her needs, will take from this stage a basic sense of trust in the world to meet her needs.
A sense of trust helps the acceptance of limits and boundaries. Autonomy vs Shame A child of this age is beginning to explore the world at will. This is the age commonly known as the 'terrible twos'.
The very young child learns by feeling with all the senses, and an expression of autonomy in this process seems very relevant to the child's growth. If this autonomy is thwarted, three consequences may ensue: A sense of shame develops. It prevents a healthy acceptance of limits.
The child feels devastated by small crises.
I have personally never been able to understand why a child is restricted from touching various objects at home, and then sent to a Montessori school to play 'sensorial' games!
This is also the age when feelings are beginning to be expressed. It is important not to condemn feelings the child may hold, such as anger or jealousy, but to help the child be sensitive to his behavioural expressions in a particular situation.
Initiative vs Guilt The child in this stage is beginning to make decisions, and carry them out, primarily through play activities. Imagination is the key mover. A sense of purpose develops when she is able to envision something in her imagination and pursue it.Join Dave Crenshaw for an in-depth discussion in this video Dealing with overlapping responsibilities, part of Time Management Tips Weekly.
Maintaining personal, professional and protective boundaries is a crucial consideration for those working in our schools. Sarah Morgan offers her guide for teachers and education professionals. The Poway Unified School District (PUSD) is an equal opportunity employer/program and is committed to an active Nondiscrimination Program.
PUSD prohibits discrimination, harassment, intimidation, and bullying based on actual or perceived ancestry, age, color, disability, gender, gender identity, gender expression, nationality, race or ethnicity, religion, sex, sexual orientation, or.
Learning how to set personal boundaries is the key to Loving self and having healthier relationships with others - article by codependency therapist/inner child healing pioneer/Spiritual Teacher. How do I apply for teaching positions? You are required to submit an on-line application at no charge to you.
Applications may be found on our website under careers, and then opportunities at our board and under the Teaching category; Elementary and/or Secondary Teachers. Reference Number: ST Details of standard Occupational Profile. The occupation covered by this apprenticeship standard is that of a teacher of pupils from 3 – 19 years.