History[ edit ] Before the election of John Quincy Adams to the presidency inthe Democratic-Republican Partywhich had been the only national American political party for over a decade, began to fracture, losing its infrastructure and identity. Its caucuses no longer met to select candidates because now they had separate interests.
Four United States Presidents belonged to the party while in office.
It had links to the upscale traditions of the Federalist Party. Along with the rival Democratic Partyit was central to the Second Party System from the early s to the mids. In particular, the Whigs supported the supremacy of the United States Congress over the presidency and favored a program of modernizationbanking and economic protectionism to stimulate manufacturing.
It appealed to entrepreneurs, planters, reformers and the emerging urban middle class, but had little appeal to farmers or unskilled workers.
Find great deals for Politics and Statesmanship: Essays on the American Whig Party by Thomas Brown (, Hardcover). Shop with confidence on eBay! Free Shipping. Buy Politics and Statesmanship at regardbouddhiste.com Thomas Brown, Politics and Statesmanship: Essays on the Americn Whig Party (New York, ).
It included many active Protestants and voiced a moralistic opposition to the Jacksonian Indian removal. Party founders chose the "Whig" name to echo the American Whigs aka the Patriots of the 18th century who fought for independence.
The underlying political philosophy of the American Whig Party was not directly related to the British Whig party. Democrats stood for the 'sovereignty of the people' as expressed in popular demonstrations, constitutional conventions, and majority rule as a general principle of governing, whereas Whigs advocated the rule of law, written and unchanging constitutions, and protections for minority interests against majority tyranny.
In its two decades of existence, the Whig Party had two of its candidates, Harrison and Taylor, elected president and both died in office. John Tyler succeeded to the presidency after Harrison's death inbut was expelled from the party later that year. The party fell apart because of internal tension over the expansion of slavery to the territories.
With deep fissures in the party on this question, the anti-slavery faction prevented the nomination for a full term of its own incumbent President Fillmore in the presidential election—instead, the party nominated General Scott. Most Whig Party leaders eventually quit politics as Abraham Lincoln did temporarily or changed parties.
The Northern voter base mostly gravitated to the new Republican Party. In the South, most joined the Know Nothing Partywhich unsuccessfully ran Fillmore in the presidential electionby which time the Whig Party had become virtually defunct having merely endorsed Fillmore's candidacy.
Some former Whigs became Democrats. The Constitutional Union Party experienced significant success from conservative former Whigs in the Upper South during the presidential election.
Whig ideology as a policy orientation persisted for decades, and played a major role in shaping the modernizing policies of the state governments during Reconstruction. It indicated hostility to the king. Despite the identical name it did not directly derive from the British Whig Party see etymology.
The Democratic-Republicans who formed the Whig Party, led by Kentucky Senator Henry Claydrew on a Jeffersonian tradition of compromise, balance in government and territorial expansion combined with national unity and support for a Federal transportation network and domestic manufacturing.
Casting their enemy as "King Andrew", they sought to identify themselves as modern-day opponents of governmental overreaching. Despite the apparent unity of Jefferson's Democratic-Republicans from tothe American people ultimately preferred partisan opposition to popular political agreement.
InHenry Clay re-entered the Senate and started planning a new party. He defended national rather than sectional interests. Clay's plan for distributing the proceeds from the sale of lands among the states in the public domain was intended to serve the nation by providing the states with funds for building roads and canals, which would stimulate growth and knit the sections together.
However, his Jacksonian opponents distrusted the federal government and opposed all federal aid for internal improvements and they again frustrated Clay's plan. Jacksonians promoted opposition to the National Bank and internal improvements and support of egalitarian democracy, state power and hard money.
The Tariff of Abominations of had outraged Southern feelings—the South's leaders held that the high duties on foreign imports gave an advantage to the North where the factories were located. Clay's own high tariff schedule of further disturbed them as did his stubborn defense of high duties as necessary to his American System.
However, Clay moved to pass the Compromise ofwhich met Southern complaints by a gradual reduction of the rates on imports to a maximum of twenty percent.Politics and Statesmanship: Essays on the American Whig Party.
online Brown, David. "Jeffersonian Ideology And The Second Party System" Historian, Fall, v62#1 pp 17–44 in Questia. The party supported Clay's American System of nationally financed internal improvements and a protective tariff.
After the election, opponents of Jackson coalesced into the Whig Party. National Republicans, Anti-Masons and others joined the new party. Politics and Statesmanship: Essays on the American Whig Party [Thomas Brown] on regardbouddhiste.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
awful. the author. Welcome › Forums › Welcome › Politics And Statesmanship Essays On The Ameri. Whig Party: Facts and Summary, regardbouddhiste.com; Brown, Thomas (). Politics and Statesmanship: Essays on the American Whig Party.
ISBN Cole, Arthur Charles ().
The Whig Party in the South, online version; Foner, Eric (). Free Soil, Free Labor, Free Men: The Ideology of the Republican Party before the Civil War.
ISBN Holt, "The Mysterious Disappearance of the American Whig Party," Political Parties and American Political Development from the Age of Jackson to the Age of Lincoln (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, ), Donald, Lincoln Reconsidered: Essays on the Civil War Era, 2d ed.