However, they face many obstacles when it comes to their day-to-day work. November Periodic data collection on the migration situation in the EU - November Highlights Paper The EU Agency for Fundamental Rights has been collecting relevant data since Novemberin light of the increasing numbers of refugees, asylum seekers and migrants entering the EU. This report focuses on the fundamental rights situation of people arriving in Member States particularly affected by large migration movements.
The Schengen Area is a zone of twenty-six European countries which have agreed to abolish border controls at their common boundaries or internal borders with other member countries who belong to the Schengen Agreement.
The current membership of the Schengen Area of twenty-six countries, includes four that are not members of the European Union, namely, Norway, Iceland, Switzerland and Lichtenstein. There are also two notable opt outs from the Schengen Agreement and they are the Republic of Eire and the United Kingdom both of which wanted to maintain their border controls and do so under the Common Travel Area border control policy in conjunction with other European countries.
The purpose of the Schengen Agreement and the Schengen Visa is to allow free movement between the countries in the Schengen Area so that people can travel with ease across the designated borders to live and work freely via the implementation of a common visa policy.
So essentially, there are no border checks. However, notwithstanding the remit of the Schengen Agreement, if a security issue does arise, the appropriate authorities of a member country are still permitted to conduct a check at the border, of which the check may be to a lesser level than a standard border check.
And a Schengen Area member country does have the right to reinstate full border controls where there is a threat to their national security or due to an issue of public policy, for example, disease or suspected terrorist acts.
The European Union is made up of 28 countries that cover much of the continent of Europe, including various outermost regions belonging to various member states. Between them, the member states form a large economic and political partnership that aims to develop and enhance the individual member states, as well as the union as a whole.
This also means that all of the European Union members partner up on policies such as EU immigration.The number of people moving to the UK from EU countries was the lowest it has been for nearly four years in But there was a rise in those coming from outside the EU, the Office for National.
EU net migration was at historically high levels, but is now falling back. In recent years annual net migration from the rest of the EU has been at historically high levels.
In the two years up until September it was between an estimated , to , Back in it was nearer 70, a year. EU Immigration is an important policy in the EU.
The European Union is a coalition of 28 countries, where you can travel with a Schengen Visa. Media caption The rules governing immigration to the EU - explained in 90 seconds For years the EU has been struggling to harmonise asylum policy.
That is difficult with 28 member states, each. Migration in Europe Since the Second World War, Europe has provided a safe haven for repatriates leaving former colonies, as well as those fleeing war in countries like former Yugoslavia and more.
The European migrant crisis, or the European refugee crisis, is a term given to a period beginning in when rising numbers of people arrived in the European Union (EU), travelling across the Mediterranean Sea or overland through Southeast Europe.