The commonality across education systems in various countries in science fair projects is that they all rely on introducing the scientific method to children in the context of developing a research question or problem statement that is developed and answered through a controlled experiment. If your child or you has a science project assigned, the most important part of the project is writing a problem statement that identifies an independent variable that will be changed or manipulated through various dependent variables during the experiment. Step 1 Identify the subject that you are going to study for the science project if you are not explicitly assigned a topic by your instructor. Step 2 Develop a topic statement to answer during the experiment.
Why publish science in peer-reviewed journals? Left unanswered, however, is a more fundamental question: What value does the existence of these journals add? Google Scholar in ? The publishing process as it stands currently As most readers here are aware, the path to publishing a scientific paper has two major obstacles: The reviewers make a recommendation about whether or not the journal should publish the paper—if they all like it, chances are it will be accepted potentially after additional experiments ; if one of them hates it, chances are it will be rejected; if the reviews are mixed, the editor makes a judgment call.
In total, this process involves a handful of people at most, and takes around a few months to a year of course, if the paper is rejected, you generally start all over again. We can do better So why do we stick with this system, despite its many flaws?
However, journals do perform a service of sorts: Certainly the best judge of the interest of a paper to the community is, well, the community itself. Ditto for the best judge of the quality and reproducibility of a paper.
What features would this system have? Immediate publication without peer review. This is simply a feature taken from preprint servers like arXivand addresses the issues of speed and cost of publication. One-click recommendation of papers. Now we need to find a way to filter the papers in step 1.
Connection to a social network. Effective search based on the collective opinion on a paper. One of the most useful features in Google Scholar in this regard is that it immediately tells you how many citations a paper has received; in general, this is highly correlated with the community opinion of a paper.
This breaks down for new papers, all of which have zero citations. You can imagine additional sorts of features that would be useful in a system like this—comments, voting on comments themselves, encouragement of reproducible research via Sweave or some other mechanism—but the aspects above are probably essential.
Does a system like this perfectly address all of the issues with peer review mentioned above? No—my guess is that this sort of system would also be somewhat biased towards established research groups, just as peer review is. But for all other aspects, this sort of system seems superior.
How do we get there? Many of the above ideas, of course, are not new see, e.
Indeed, some aspects of these ideas comments, rating of articles have been implemented by the innovative PLoS journals, but have been greeted with deafening yawns from the research community. This situation has created the perfect niche for a killer app—one that solves all of these issues and will actually be used.
Conclusions Before the internet, peer-reviewed journals and researchers had a happy symbiosis: Now, that symbiosis has turned into parasitism: Being named here in no way implies endorsement of the opinions expressed].What happens if, at the end of your science project, you look at the data you have collected and you realize it does not support your hypothesis?
First, do not panic! The point of a science project is not to prove your hypothesis right.
for a long time i have been very busy with projects so have not kept up with the daily pages like Picture of the Day (more like Picture of the Week) and this page with the upcoming overhaul of my web page hopefully i can consolidate these into one page for daily updates of current events jim mccanney.
In a science fair setting, judges can be just as impressed by projects that start out with a faulty hypothesis; what matters more is whether you understood your science fair project, had a well-controlled experiment, and have ideas about what you would do next to improve your project if you had more time.
Steps of the Scientific Method Detailed Help for Each Step; Ask a Question: The scientific method starts when you ask a question about something that you observe: How, What, When, Who, Which, Why, or Where? For a science fair project some teachers require that the question be something you can measure, preferably with a number.
For a good science fair project you need to do quite a bit of research before any experimenting. Start by finding some information about how and why water melts. You could read a book, do a bit of Google searching, or even ask an expert.
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