Shutterstock Now that the general elections are in the rear view mirror, Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his ministers face the challenge of expectations set by the media and all his supporters. One of the key challenges his team will be facing is: How should the country transform its healthcare system? What are its current pain points?
The Anganwadi Workers of India — Connecting for Health at the Grassroots By Ishrath Humairah filed under Healthcare Infrastructure on March 3, India is home to the largest population of malnourished and hunger-stricken people and children leading to high infant and maternal mortality.
Along with these issues are a deluge of problems ranging from diseases, lack of education, lack of hygiene, illness, etc. To combat this situation, the Government of India in initiated the Integrated Child Development Service ICDS scheme which operates at the state level to address the health issues of small children, all over the country.
It is one of the largest child care programmes in the world aiming at child health, hunger, mal nutrition and its related issues. Under the ICDS scheme, one trained person is allotted to a population ofto bridge the gap between the person and organized healthcare, and to focus on the health and educational needs of children aged years.
This person is the Anganwadi worker. The name anganwadi worker is derived from the Indian word — angan, which means the court yard an central area in and around the house where most of the social activities of the household takes place.
In rural settings, the angan is the open place where people gather to talk, greet the guests, and socialize. Traditional rural households have a small hut or house with a boundary around the house Health care devices india houses their charpoys, cattle, feed, bicycle, etc.
Sometimes food is also prepared in the angan. Some members of the household also sleep outside in open air, under the sky, in their angans. The Anganwadi worker and helper are the basic functionaries of the ICDS who run the anganwadi centre and implement the ICDS scheme in coordination with the functionaries of the health, education, rural development and other departments.
Their services also include the health and nutrition of pregnant women, nursing mothers, and adolescent girls. Today in India, about 2 million aanganwadi workers are reaching out to a population of 70 million women, children and sick people, helping them become and stay healthy.
Anganwadi workers are the most important and oft-ignored essential link of Indian healthcare. They provide services to villagers, poor families and sick people across the country helping them access healthcare services, immunization, healthy food, hygiene, and provide healthy learning environment for infants, toddlers and children.
What do the Anganwadi Workers do? The Anganwadis are engaged to provide the following formal services to the areas under their cover: Immunisation of all children less than 6 years of age Immunisation against tetanus for all the expectant mothers Supplementary nutrition to children below 6 years of age Supplementary nutrition to women who are pregnant and nursing, esp.
To elicit community support and participation in running the programme. To carry out a quick survey of all the families, especially mothers and children in those families in their respective area of work once in a year.
To organise non-formal pre-school activities in the anganwadi of children in the age group years of age and to help in designing and making of toys and play equipment of indigenous origin for use in anganwadi. To organise supplementary nutrition feeding for children years and expectant and nursing mothers by planning the menu based on locally available food and local recipes.
To maintain files and records as prescribed.
To assist the PHC staff in the implementation of health component of the programme viz. To assist ANM in the administration of IFA and Vitamin A by keeping stock of the two medicines in the Centre without maintaining stock register as it would add to her administrative work which would effect her main functions under the Scheme.
To identify the disability among children during her home visits and refer the case immediately to the nearest PHC or District Disability Rehabilitation Centre. To inform the ANM in case of emergency cases like diahorrea, cholera etc.?
How does the Anganwadi System Work? Each Anganwadi worker covers a population of about people. It is heartening to know that there more than a million Anganwadi centers in India, employing more than 2 million workers, who are mostly female and intuitive to the health needs of the region.
For a country where illness, child mortality, illiteracy and poverty co-exist, this comes as a refreshing statistic. Apart from the healthcare, nutrition and educational work, the following are the responsibilities of the Anganwadi Supervisor: Checks the list of beneficiaries from the low economic strata, who are severely malnourished, Guides AWWs in the assessment of correct ages of children, correct method of weighing the children, and plotting their weights on growth charts, Demonstrates to the AWWs the effective methods of providing health and nutrition education to mothers, and Maintains the statistics of the Anganawadis The Mukhya Sevikas, in turn, report to the Child Development Projects officer CDPO How does the Anganwadi System help?
India is home to over-population, mal nutrition, poverty, unemployment, low literacy levels and more, with a target to make healthcare accessible and affordable for everyone.Latest News Headlines & Live Updates - DNA India Covers all latest & breaking news on Politics, Business, Sports, Bollywood, technology & health from India & the world at Daily News & Analysis.
Aug 06, · The August Congressional recess will be anything but a break from the health care reform debate. Democrats had hoped to spend this month selling hometown constituents on the need for reform.
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