Johnson, an associate editor. Because of space and timing considerations, we allowed just two sets of authors to respond, as well as running a rebuttal from the authors of the original article. Judge maintain that personality constructs have proven ability to explain and predict work attitudes, behaviors, job performance, and outcomes. Job-related characteristics can be isolated and measured with the results providing data that are useful in selecting people to hire, she points out.
Saturday, August 27, Issues in Psychological Testing What are at least two ethical issues associated with psychological testing? What impact do these issues have on the field of psychological testing? One ethical issue is the use of informed consent.
An essential component of psychological testing is obtaining voluntary consent to the assessment.
The client must be informed about the purpose, expected duration, and any procedures used in the testing, and ascertain the client understands every aspect of giving consent American Psychological Association, If the client is a child, or an individual of limited capacity, the parent or legal guardian must give consent for the client.
The idea of informed consent is a continuing agreement, and clients may withdraw their consent at any time during the testing Hogan, According to the American Medical Associationinformed consent is a process of communication between a patient and a health care professional that results in the patient's authorization or agreement to undergo testing.
Furthermore, patients or clients have a right to full disclosure of test results, which must be accommodated in language reasonably understandable to them. Maintaining confidentiality is another significant issue associated with psychological testing, and the psychologist is bound by ethical codes to refrain from referring to a patient's results outside of the appropriate context Hogan, Furthermore, regarding confidentiality in record keeping, psychologists must maintain records efficiently, securely, and effectively so results are not prone to dissemination by other inappropriate parties.
In most states, confidentiality is upheld by law. However, responsibility toward confidentiality is waived when harm to self or others is suspected Hogan, Both issues are of significant consequence to psychological testing. Without codes of, and specific adherence to ethical behavior, the science of psychology cannot be counted upon as a scientific discipline worthy of protecting and effectively supporting the myriad challenges of the human condition.
Individuals and the whole of the human race depend upon ethical judgment, treatment, and applications formed by scientific exploration rather than the common anecdote.
Because the rights of individuals should be a primary concern in any psychological discipline, equally consequential is maintaining confidentiality. Without protecting these fundamental rights, the science cannot present itself as adequately and fairly preserving and supporting the private attempt of every individual toward achieving and retaining a more positive quality of life.
What are at least two legal issues associated with psychological testing? How do these issues affect the field of psychological testing? One major issue that continues to cause problems with psychological testing is discrimination and the idea that some testing infringes upon the rights of individuals of a particular race or ethnicity Hogan, The EEOC guidelines were "intended to establish a uniform Federal position in the area of prohibiting discrimination in employment on grounds of race, religion, sex or national origin" 29 C.
By law, psychologists cannot apply tests or any other type of selection procedure that may result in unfair discrimination or adversely impacts a favorable ratio of the sexes, races, or ethnic groups.
Psychologists may be called upon to support the use of specific testing, and demonstrate the test's validity and job relevance, and whether it is necessary to address the individual's capability for functioning as it supports the operation of the business Hogan, Another issue of legality concerns making appropriate accommodations for Americans with disabilities.
According to the Americans with Disabilities Act ofnecessary accommodations must be made for any person who cannot conform to normal test-taking protocols Hogan, Examples of such accommodations include effective ways to mitigate difficulties of the hearing impaired, or providing tests in large print editions for individuals with sight impairment.
Making appropriate accommodations for disabilities is essential, although not to the extent of giving the disabled individual an unfair advantage over the other nondisabled applicants Hogan, Ongoing efforts continue to provide a better understanding of how accommodations are best navigated and executed for the benefit of disabled and nondisabled Americans.
Both issues present difficult challenges to psychological testing.Transcript of ETHICAL & PROFESSIONAL ISSUES IN PSYCHOLOGY TESTING.
ETHICAL & PROFESSIONAL ISSUES IN PSYCHOLOGY TESTING TANESHEA ALGEE PSY PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING & ASSESSMENT INSTRUCTOR: ADAM QUINN A candidate for a position as police officer is administered a personality inventory as part of the selection process.
The . The results of drug testing only indicate that traces of a drug are present in a person's body, not whether a drug is affecting a person at work. In some cases, a drug used days earlier will still register on the test.
report on the legal and ethical issues of practice in managed care based on the work of this APA office, three out of six case to psychological or neurological testing for diagnostic purposes.
In- can be differentiated from normal personality characteristics or problems such as conduct disorder, mood or anxiety disorder.
Testing issues include the development, creation, administration, scoring and interpretation of psychological tests.
These tests can evaluate ability, such as intelligence, aptitudes, skills and achievement; personality characteristics, such as traits, attitudes, interests and values; and mental health, such as psychological functioning or signs of psychological or neurological disorders.
Ethical Issues in Psychology Psychologists often work with vulnerable individuals in sensitive situations. An important step in becoming a mental health professional or consumer of psychological services is to be aware . The History of Personality Theory and Assessment | 4 Eduard Spranger, a German philosopher, theorized four attitudes towards ethical values.
He named those .