The main problem was how to achieve a revolutionary goal by constitutional means. It failed to obtain parliamentary support for the Charter. The middle-classes either ignored, shunned or condemned Chartism. Chartists were divided among themselves.
Monday, 19 November Aspects of Chartism: Repeated failure sapped the momentum of Chartism. The events of seriously damaged its capacity to do this. The defeat of the general strike in and the crushing failure of completed the process. The mass imprisonment, transportation and successful confrontation of mass demonstrations during the three main phases of the Chartist agitation contributed significantly to the disintegration of the movement.
This represented the growing confidence and enhanced efficiency of the coercive powers of the British State . The authorities inflicted the most damaging psychological defeat on the popular reform movement of the century, bankrupting the long tradition of the mass platform.
Without the physical assault on the militant sections of the Chartist leadership and of many of the secondary leaders, the aftermath in the s might have been different. In part, this was a result of the organisational weakness of the movement. Lack of administrative experience was clearly exposed by the ways in which the Conventions were organised and financed.
Rejection of the three petitions showed how little parliamentary support the Chartists had. The reforming movement of and the activities of the Anti-Corn Law League, both of which used similar tactics to Chartism to gain support, were successful because they had parliamentary allies.
With little parliamentary backing or solid middle class support, the Chartist movement found itself either having to give up or raise and maintain public support or opt for less peaceful methods. This divided leadership and rank and file, creating bitterness and lack of tactical direction.
Chartists could agree on the Charter but on little else.
To Lancashire cotton workers, Chartism held out the prospect of economic improvement and factory reform. To the London artisan, it pointed the way to political equality. The Chartist leaders also had different objectives.
Loss of momentum within the movement meant that Chartism could not maintain a unity of purpose. Economic conditions played an important role in failure to maintain unity of purpose.
Though there has been a reaction against the simple economic explanations, the fundamental importance of the trade cycle cannot be neglected. The difficulty of maintaining unity, except during economic slumps, was universally recognised by contemporaries.
The changes that occurred in the policies and attitudes of government, in part the result of Chartism can be seen as evidence of its partial success. The movement drew attention to social problems and the need to tackle them.
There was some liberalisation of state policies in the s. This weakened the Chartist case that only a reformed parliament would improve the conditions of the working population. A final explanation for the demise of Chartism lies in the consolidation of industrial capitalism that had occurred by In the previous fifty years, industrial change had created militancy among the working population who believed that political reform alone could arrest or reverse this process.
Bythis battle had more or less been lost and Chartism remained relevant only in places like Halifax and Bradford where the woollen and worsted trades still fought rearguard actions against mechanisation. Militancy was associated with the traumas of early stages of industrialisation.
Chartism was crucial in the shift from older forms of popular protest to the development of new ones, like the general strike and pressure group activity, more effective in a mature industrial urban society.
Chartism was the first organised, mass movement of the working population in British history in terms of its geographical and occupational breadth and the unprecedented involvement of women. Nevertheless, it did not draw on trade unionism in any formal way or bridge the gulf between rural and urban workers.
It did not mark a vital stage in the inevitable progress of organised labour. It looked back to the campaigns of the s and forward to the emergence of socialism as a political force from the s.
It failed to obtain parliamentary support for the Charter. The middle-classes largely ignored, shunned or condemned Chartism. Chartists were divided among themselves.It failed to obtain parliamentary support for the Charter. The middle-classes either ignored, shunned or condemned Chartism.
Chartists were divided among themselves.
Government handled the movement firmly and calmly. Chartist demands were too drastic.
There was too much diversity in the intellectual and ideological aims of Chartism. The emphasis of this educational reference is on words and phrases that appear in published works about war and military service; and amongst this jargon and slang, there is no pretense of objectivity or completeness, which may be readily found in official documents or government resources.
Basic reasons for the failure of Chartism. The main problem was how to achieve a revolutionary goal by constitutional means. It failed to obtain parliamentary support for the Charter.; The middle-classes either ignored, shunned or condemned Chartism.
Nov 18, · Chartism and the Chartists were made to look ridiculous after Kennington Common and the failure of the Land Plan. The changing sociology of England after railways fragmented the ‘unity’ of the working classes. Chartism tore itself apart. The fact that Chartism did not achieve the ‘six point’ does not mean that it achieved nothing.
Assess the reasons why Chartism failed Chartism was the largest protest movement by working class people that Britain has ever seen, Chartist wanted a host of reforms which were highlighted in the Peoples Charter, which is .
There were a whole variety of reasons why Chartism failed and all these factors played a part in its failure. The upper and middle classes were opposed to any kind of violent working class uprising.
One of the main reasons for the popularity of Chartism was the economic recession.