The editors wish to express their gratitude for this support. The editors wish also to thank Mrs. Shirley Reed for her dedication in the preparation of the manuscript. These pieces, factual or intended to be accepted as factual, record the experiences of more than five hundred captives of American Indians, beqinnin in the early sixteenth century and continuing through the s.
Mary Rowlandson is generally considered to be the first. Commend- ed by her, to all that desires to know the Lords doing to, and dealings with Her. Especially to her dear Children and Relations. Deut See now that I, even I am he, and there is no God with me; I kill and I make alive, I wound and I heal, neither is there any can deliver out of my hand.
Rowlandson's narrative is not only usually considered the first of the Indian captivities but is also commonly thought to be one of the best. Not only was it popular on both sides of the Atlantic in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, but it continues to appear in scores of editions and antholoqies.
Rowlandson's narrative skill certainly contributes to the effectiveness of her work. Her writing is characterized by being descriptive, detailed, and fast-paced. The opening section of the narrative, for example, is representative of the descriptive nature of the narrative as she 'records how 5 There were five persons taken in one house; the father and the mother and a sucking child, they knocked on the head; the other two they took and carried away alive.
Of them she says that "None escaped either present death, or bitter captivity save only one There were twelve killed, some shot, some stabbed with their spears, some knocked down with their hatchets" Of her own wounding she writes that one of the bullets "went through my side, and the same She concludes, "Thus were we butchered by those merciless heathen, standing amazed, with the blood running down to our heels" These passages also attest to Mary Rowlandson's use of a great amount of detail, as well as to her descriptive forte, which serves to make her narrative powerful.
Rowlandson structures her narrative by dividing it into twenty sections which she calls "removes.
There is certainly some question of how Mrs. Rowlandson remembers so very much about each move when they came, on an average, every four days and when, according to her own testimony, she was so lightheaded and faint that she reeled as she walked.
Rowlandson records most of the removes quite explicitly. She records such seemingly insignificant events as not wetting her foot in the "Sixth Remove" as well as such important occurrences as the death of her daughter Sarah in the third and her audiences with King Philip in the eighth and twelfth.
According to the account, she often has at least some idea of where she is geographically and records these facts in the narrative. Despite repeated use of the scriptures and comments on the ways of God, Rowlandson's narrative is fast-paced and thus keeps the reader's interest.
Iv'hile many details are given, they are chosen wisely so that they advance the narrative and give valuable insight into either FlTs. Rowlandson or the Indians, often both.
Rowlandson's use of the scriptures could seriously hamper the pace of her narrative and perhaps does for some modern readers; 6 yet, by and large, she incorporates the scriptures into her account smoothly and unobstrusively.
For example, in the "Nineteenth Remove" when she is traveling through a large swamp, up to the knees in mud and water, she fears that she will fall and not be able to get up because she is so "spent.
An incident involving King Philip is indicative of how Mrs. Rowlandson inserts didactic materials into her work. In her recounting of King Philip's offering her tobacco on one occasion, she moralizes that though I had formerly used tobacco, yet I had left it ever since I was first taken.
It seems to be a bait the devil lays to make men lose their precious time. I remember with shame how formerly, when I had taken two or three pipes, I was presently ready for another, such a bewitching thing it is. But I thank God, he had now given me power over it; surely there are many who may be better employed than to lie sucking a stinking tobacco-pipe.
Rowlandson's narrative skill prevents her moralizing from seriously affecting the pace of her narrative. Rowlandson penned her adventure, she was influenced by several Puritan literary forms, such as the spiritual autobio- graphy, the sermon, and the jeremiad.
And while it deals not with Rowlandson's battle with the devil for her soul, it certainly recounts her battle with what, as we will see later, she considers the devil's agents. Although Rowlandson views her calamity as a result of her failure to be all that God wanted her to be, she comes to redemption because she acknowledges that "It is good for me that I have been afflicted" Similar to the Puritan sermon, Rowlandson's narrative is a well-structured account that attempts to justify God's ways to man by citing at least forty-two direct scripture citations, not to mention hundreds which she paraphrases.
While this characteristic of her work makes it representative of the sermon, it also is indi- cative of how completely the Puritan absorbed the scriptures and was able to use them for his comfort when the occasion arose.
On one occasion, when the English army almost overtakes the Indians but fails to do so, Mrs.
Rowlandson's evaluation is that "we were not ready for so great a mercy as victory and deliverance" More important than the literary types which influenced her, however, are the Puritan concepts which caused Rowlandson to react to her captivity as she did.
The passages quoted above reflect the general Puritan concept that they were the "New Israel.Furthermore, analysis of the text reveals how the book's production and reception were conditioned not only by its construction within the parameters of American captivity narratives, but also by.
Salary Troubles in a Contentious Congregation. Arthur Lord, “Rev. John Cotton of Plymouth,” Publications of the Colonial Society of Massachusetts Transactions 26 The Sovereignty and Goodness of God by Mary Rowlandson, with Related Documents (Boston, ), 24, – Rowlandson.
[ These are the Bps ways to uphold spirit themselves there. and by Mrs. * March — it I know not whether this will ever I send by one M r Gilbert f that saith hee come to was for the blood of His Saints shed by them. 1 Journal of the Kentucky-Tennessee American Studies Association No Published by Middle Tennessee Srate Uniuersity 2.
2 Kentucky-Tennessee American Studies Association CONTENTS MARY ROWLANDSON'S THE SOVERAIGNTY AND GOODNESS OF GOD: THE FIRST INDIAN CAPTIVITY NARRATIVE Judy Simpson MUSICAL DIVERSITY DURING THE FEDERALIST ERA: A SAMPLING . This book is the record of Mary Rowlandson's capture and captivity by some Native Americans in the year Her husband, three children and several friends and relatives from her town were also taken, though they were all separated and she only saw some of the others from time to time/5.
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