Rape was only indirectly mentioned by the Hague Conventions of and that required occupying armies to respect "family honor and rights, the lives of persons, and private property" Article These inquiry reports, often published immediately in order to discredit the other side, are the main source for historical research on this subject. Since this documentation asserted, as in the case of the French commission set up in Septemberthat:
Term Papers Tagged With: One of those reasons was strategic usage of chemical warfare.
World War I was mostly fought in the trenches, where soldiers lived in deep, v-shaped holes or underground bunkers. Both sides would occupy these trenches in order to escape from the constant stream of bullets. These battles often ended in a standoff, or tie, which helped the introduction of a different, brand new style of fighting that included the use of chemicals.
These chemicals had a range of effects. These effects ranged from a simple tearing agent, to causing a slow, painful dead by asphyxiation or heart failure.
Some believe it was the Germans who started chemical warfare but it was the French who really started it. It was the first month of the war, August and the Germans were rapidly advancing through Belgium, and were approaching the French border at an incredible velocity.
As defense, the French fired tear gas grenades these contained bromide vapor on their own troops to scare the Germans and have them hesitate until the gas had dispersed. The Germans headed by Haber, dischargedkg Nevertheless, the Germans were the first to seriously study chemical weapons, create and use fatal chemicals, and the first to use gas in a large scale.
The second chemical warfare incident was the Germans who fired shells at the French that contained a chemical irritant that resulted in a sneezing fit in October Before World War I, when chemicals were first being introduced, many countries, including France and Germany, signed the Hague Convention in By signing this convention, nations banned the use of projectiles whose sole purpose was to asphyxiate or eliminate soldiers.
The Hague II reinforced these rules and added more specifics like banning the use of poison gas and to not use projectiles, weapons, and materials that would cause unnecessary suffering. The French were the first to break the convention, but the public did not hear very much of it.
The Germans were actually the ones to get burned by the press and newspapers for their perpetration of the convention. The first instance of poisonous chemical gas was chlorine gas on April 22, at the start of the second battle of Ypres.
This happened by a man against the Germans who ran for almost ten miles and into German territory for another five miles to shoot the chlorine gas into their territory.
The effects of chlorine gas were severe and horrible. After the Germans used their first chemical attack, the world publicized their opinion, saying that Germany broke the Hague Convention first.
That is how they have been blamed for breaking the treaty. One the first German attacks, allied troops held cotton pads soaked in their own urine to give some sort of protection against the chlorine gas.
It was found that the ammonia in the pad neutralized the chlorine. Because this idea disgusted many soldiers, they preferred to use handkerchiefs, a sock, or flannel material. These materials would be dampened with a solution of bicarbonate, and tied across the mouth and nose until the gas passed over.
By Julysoldiers were given efficient gas masks and anti-asphyxiation respirators as a standard issue. During one part of the book a German soldier talks about I learned how the Germans planned on taking of all of The book talks about This gas may cause temporary blindness and inflammation of the nose and throat of the victim.
A gas mask would easily offer good protection against this gas. This chemical and any chemical with bromide were quite popular during World War I since it was easily brewed.Unfortunately, scholarly work on the subject of soldiers' experiences of the First World War has tended to take the literature of disillusionment as representative of the views of most soldiers who fought in the war.
From smell and sound to touch and perception, Dr Santanu Das draws on soldiers' records to consider the sensory experiences within the trenches of World War One. Read more Combat and the soldier's experience in the First World War.
French and German Soldiers in WWI The first World War was a horrible experience for all sides involved. No one was immune to the effects of this global conflict and. The concept of "total war" in World War I, meant that food supplies had to be redirected towards the armed forces and, with German commerce being stopped by the British blockade, German civilians were forced to live in increasingly meager conditions.
Food prices were first controlled. French and German Soldiers in Wwi. French and German Soldiers in WWI The first World War was a horrible experience for all sides involved.
relative comparison can be noted in the experiences of the French and sources, one can note various similarities between the German and French armies during World War I in the areas of trench .
The First World War (WWI) was fought from to and the Second World War (or WWII) was fought from to They were the largest military conflicts in human history.
Both wars involved military alliances between different groups of countries. World War I (a.k.a the First World War, the.